While doctors still don't know what causes cataracts, there might be ways men and women concerned about their eyes can reduce their risk for cataracts. Though the following tips can't guarantee a person won't get cataracts, they might just help individuals reduce their risk.
- Address existing medical conditions. Certain medical conditions increase a person's risk of getting cataracts. These conditions include diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity. People with diabetes should closely follow their treatment plan to reduce their risk of cataracts. Those who are obese or have high blood pressure should adopt a healthier lifestyle to lose weight and lower their blood pressure.
- Get routine eye examinations. Routine eye examinations can help doctors find cataracts and additional visionary ailments at their earliest stages. Should any sudden changes, such as blurriness or double vision, occur, visit an eye doctor immediately.
- Maintain a healthy weight. As mentioned above, obesity is a risk for cataracts. But people who can maintain a healthy weight with daily exercise and a healthy diet might reduce their risk for cataracts.
- Adopt a healthy diet. A healthy diet will ensure you are getting enough vitamins and nutrients. Such a diet should include plenty of fruits and vegetables, which are loaded with antioxidants that may prevent damage to the eye's lens. A healthy diet will help you maintain a healthy weight and can also help successfully manage any preexisting conditions.
- Wear sunglasses. Excessive exposure to sunlight can increase a person's risk of cataracts. When going outside during the daytime, wear sunglasses that block ultraviolet B rays.
- Stop smoking. Smoking can lead to a slew of medical ailments and can even be tied to cataracts. High blood pressure is a risk for cataracts, and people who smoke should know that smoking has been linked to high blood pressure. By quitting smoking, individuals are reducing their risk for a host of ailments, including cataracts.